The Taj Mahal, Agra: Facts, History, Architecture And Timings
About Taj Mahal
Arranged on the banks of Yamuna, the Taj Mahal in Agra is a fantastic tribute to unceasing adoration. This seventeenth-century sepulcher was worked for Mumtaz Mahal by her better half and Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Viewed as perhaps the most lovely structures on the planet, the Taj splendidly addresses the stature of Mughal engineering and loftiness. Such is its excellence that it has been perceived as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.
History Of Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal, the most fantastic tomb the world has at any point seen, was charged by Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor, for his number one spouse Mumtaz Mahal. The development of the catacomb initiated in 1632, around a year after Mumtaz passed on, on the banks of the Yamuna River. In spite of the fact that the principle sepulcher was developed by 1643, it wasn’t until 1653 that the entire complex was finished. Sadly, the ruler was ousted from power and detained by his child Aurangzeb in 1658. Shah Jahan spent his last days in detainment in the close by Agra Fort from where he took a gander at his grand creation. At the point when he kicked the bucket in 1666, he was covered inside the Taj Mahal, close to his adored spouse.
At the point when the Jat leaders of Bharatpur attacked Agra in the eighteenth century, they attacked the Taj and looted it. During the Revolution of 1857, this remembrance endured harm on account of the British warriors and authorities, who eliminated the valuable stones from its dividers.
The Taj Mahal went through enormous reclamation works in the early piece of the twentieth century under the order of Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India. After freedom, the landmark went under the aegis of the Government of India.
Architecture Of Taj Mahal
A generally respected magnum opus of craftsmanship, the Taj Mahal consolidates components from Islamic, Persian, and Indian structural styles. The landmark covers a space of 42 sections of land, limited by crenelated dividers on three sides and the Yamuna on the fourth side. It was developed utilizing white Makrana marble sourced from Rajasthan. A great many valuable and semi-valuable gemstones were additionally used to upgrade the excellence of remembrance.
The Taj Mahal remains on a raised square plinth that has four minarets remaining at the four corners. The balanced structure lodging the sepulchers has a curve-formed doorway that sits under a giant vault and finial. Inside the principal corridor of the sepulcher, you can see the bogus stone caskets of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. The real burial places are situated inside a bolted chamber at a lower level.
While the outside enhancements of the landmark vouch for the Mughal craftsmanship, the insides are similarly stunning. The octagon-molded inward chamber highlights jali lining and citations from the Quran on the cenotaphs and perplexing beautiful subtleties including twining plants, blossoms, and natural products, featured with 28 sorts of valuable and semiprecious stones. In spite of the fact that the base and coffin are gently improved, the tombs where the fundamental bodies are kept are fairly plain, with regards to the Islamic practice.
It took in excess of 22000 talented craftsmen, workers, painters, stonecutters, and a colossal measure of 32 million rupees to fabricate the Taj Mahal. Aside from the tomb, the Taj complex houses a mosque, a gallery, a visitor house, and decorative nurseries.
Taj Mahal Garden
The Taj is encircled by a rambling 980 sq. ft. Mughal nursery or Charbagh. Raised pathways partition the nursery into 16 depressed flowerbeds. A raised marble water tank set between the principle door and the burial chamber adds to the excellence of the entire spot. The Taj Gardens were initially demonstrated on the renowned Persian nurseries. Be that as it may, when the frontier rulers claimed the Taj, they changed the nursery’s scene and made it resemble the yards in London.
Taj Mahal Museum
Inside the Taj Mahal complex stands the little yet critical Taj Museum, which is home to a few unique scaled-down canvases from the Mughal time. One of the features of this historical center is the pair of seventeenth-century ivory pictures of Shah Jahan and his better half. The exhibition hall likewise houses a few Caledon plates that are known to change the tone or break into pieces whenever harmed food is served on them.
- Exhibition hall Timings: 10:00 am to 5:00 pm
- Historical center Entry Fee: Free
Things to See in the Taj Mahal Complex
- A red sandstone mosque arranged west of the tomb.
- Mehmaan Khana or gathering corridor situated on the east of the tomb, indistinguishable from the mosque.
- Jilaukhana or forecourt zone.
- Marketplace roads or two indistinguishable roads that beginning from the east and west doors and lead up to the Jilaukhana.
- The Great Gate, Gate of the Mausoleum or Darwaza-I-Rauza.
- East Gate (Fatehabadi Darwaza), West Gate (Fatehpuri Darwaza), and South Gate (Sidhi Darwaza).
- The Taj Museum.
Interesting Facts About Taj Maha
- In the Persian language, the Taj Mahal implies the Crown of Palaces.
- The insides of the Taj Mahal make some resonation memories of 28 seconds. It implies in the event that you say anything inside this spot, it will repeat for 28 seconds.
- In 1942, the Taj Mahal was masked under platforms to limit the danger of air assaults by the Japanese during World War II. A similar strategy was followed during the India-Pakistan battles of 1965 and 1971.
- The minarets of the Taj are worked to shift outwards to keep the burial chamber from enduring any harm in the event of cataclysms like tremors.
- The Taj Mahal is taller than the Qutb Minar by around five feet.
- On eighth November 2000, the celebrated Indian entertainer PC Sorkar Jr. made an optical dream that caused the commemoration to disappear before the public remaining there.
- George Harrison, the lead guitarist of the well-known Beatles music band was among the first selfie-takers at the Taj. He utilized the fish-eye focal point for the reason.
- The Taj seems pinkish at the crack of dawn, smooth white in the evening, and sparkles with a brilliant gleam under the twilight.
- There are 99 names of Allah recorded in calligraphic style on the burial chambers.
- The first sight of the Taj Mahal should be Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh where Mumtaz Mahal kicked the bucket. In any case, because of an absence of white marbles around there, Agra was picked as the last spot for remembrance.
Spots To Visit Close To Taj Mahal
- Agra Fort (3.1 km)
- Jehangir’s Palace (3.1 km)
- Jama Masjid (4.1 km)
- Mankameshwar Temple (4.5 km)
- Burial chamber of Itmad-Ud-Daulah (6.7 km)
- Chini-ka-Rauza (7.2 km)
- Mehtab Bagh (7.8 km)